in press

Bögelein R, Thomas FM, Kahmen A (in press) Leaf water 18O and 2H enrichment along vertical canopy profiles in a broadlevel and conifer forest tree. Plant, Cell & Environment.

Munksgaard NC, Cheeseman AW, English NB, Zwart C, Kahmen A, Cernusak LA (in press) Identifying drivers of leaf water and cellulose stable isotope enrichment in Eucalyptus in northern Australia. Oecologia.

Newberry SL, Prechsl UE, Kahmen A (in press) Tightly bound soil water introduces isotopic memory effects on mobile and extractable soil water pools. Isotopes in Environmental and Health Studies.

2017

Nelson DB, Knohl A, Sachse D, Enno Schefuß E, Kahmen A (2017) Sources and Abundances of Leaf Waxes in Aerosols in Central Europe. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. 198:299-314.

Gamarra B & Kahmen A (2017) Low secondary leaf wax n-alkane synthesis on fully mature leaves of C3 grasses grown at controlled environmental conditions and variable humidity. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry.31: 218-226.

2016

Brinkmann N, Eugster W, Zweifel R, Buchmann N, Kahmen A (2016) Temperate tree species show identical response in tree water deficit but different sensitivities in sap flow to summer soil drying. Tree Physiology. 36:1508-1519.

Martínez-Vilalta J, Sala A, Asensio D, Galiano L, Hoch G, Palacio S, Piper FI, Lloret F (2016) Dynamics of non-structural carbohydrates in terrestrial plants: a global synthesis. Ecological Monographs 86: 495-516.

Gamarra B, Sachse D, Kahmen A (2016) Effects of leaf water evaporative 2H enrichment and biosynthetic fractionation on leaf wax n-alkane δ2H values in C3 and C4 grasses. Plant, Cell & Environment 39:2390 – 2403. 

Bühlmann T, Körner C, Hiltbrunner E. (2016) Shrub expansion of Alnus viridis drives former montane grassland into nitrogen saturation. Ecosystems 19: 968-985. doi:10.1007/s10021-016-9979-9.

De Boeck HJ, Bassin S, Verlinden M, Zeiter M, Hiltbrunner E. (2016) Simulated heat waves affected alpine grassland only in combination with drought. New Phytologist 209: 531-541; doi: 10.1111/nph.13601. 

Klein T, Vitasse Y, Hoch G (2016) Coordination between growth, phenology, and carbon storage in three coexisting deciduous tree species in a temperate forest. Tree Physiology 36: 847-855. 

Körner C, Basler D, Hoch G, Kollas C, Lenz A, Randin C, Vitasse Y, Zimmermann NE (2016) Where, why and how? Explaining the low temperature range limits of temperate tree species. Journal of Ecology 104: 1076-1088. 

Nagelmüller S, Hiltbrunner E, Körner C (2016) Critically low soil temperatures for root growth and root morphology in three alpine plant species. Alpine Botany 126: 11-21. 

Plavcova L, Morris H, Hoch G, Ghiasi, Jansen S (2016) The amount of parenchyma and living fibers affects storage of non-structural carbohydrates in young stems and roots of temperate trees. American Journal of Botany 103: 603-612.  

Sedlacek J, Cortés AJ, Wheeler J, Bossdorf O, Hoch G, Klápště J, Lexer C, Rixen C, Wipf S, Karrenberg S, van Kleunen M (2016) Evolutionary potential in the Alpine: trait heritabilities and performance variation of the dwarf willow Salix herbacea from different elevations and microhabitats. Ecology and Evolution 6: 3940-3952. doi: 10.1002/ece3.2171.

Wheeler JA, Cortés AJ, Sedlacek J, Karrenberg S, van Kleuen M, Wipf S, Hoch G, Bossdorf O, Rixen C (2016) The snow and the willows: Earlier spring snowmelt reduces performance in the low-lying alpine shrub Salix herbacea. Journal of Ecology 104: 1041-1050. doi: 10.1111/1365-2745.12579. 

Lenz A, Hoch G, Vitasse Y (2016) Fast acclimation of freezing resistance suggests no influence of winter minimum temperature on the range limit of European beech. Tree Physiology 36: 490-501. 

Lenz A, Hoch G, Körner C, Vitasse Y (2016) Convergence of leaf-out towards minimum risk of freezing damage in temperate trees. Functional Ecology. 30:1480-1490. 

Cernusak LA, Barbour MM, Cheesman AW, English NB, Field TS, Helliker BR, Holloway-Phillips MM, Holtum JAM, Kahmen A, McInerney FA, Munksgaard NC, Simonin KA, Song X, Stuart-Williams H, West JB, Farquhar GD (2016)  Stable isotope enrichment in leaf water of terrestrial plants. Plant, Cell & Environment. 39:1087-1102. 

Nelson, D.B., Sachs, J.P. (2016) Galápagos hydroclimate of the Common Era from paired microalgal and mangrove biomarker 2H/1H values. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 113: 3476-3481. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1516271113.

2015

Bühlmann T, Hiltbrunner E, Körner C, Rihm B, Achermann B (2015) Induction of indirect N2O and NO emissions by atmospheric nitrogen deposition in (semi-)natural ecosystems in Switzerland. Atmos Environ 103: 94-101.

Tuthorn M, Zech R, Ruppenthal M, Oelmann Y, Kahmen A, del Valle HF, Eglinton T, Rozanski K, Zech M (2015) Coupling δ2H and δ18O biomarker results yields information on relative humidity and isotopic composition of precipitation – a climate transect validation study. Biogeosciences 12: 3913-3924.

Craine JM, Elmore AJ, Wang L, Augusto L, Baisden TW, Brookshire ENJ, Cramer MD, Hasselquist NJ, Hobbie EA, Kahmen A, Koba K, Kranabetter JM, Mack MC, Marin-Spiotta E, Mayor JR, McLauchlan KK, Michelsen A, Nardoto GB, Oliveira RS, Perakis SS, Peri PL, Quesada CA, Richter A, Schipper LA, Stevenson BA, Turner BL, Viani RAG, Wanek W, Zeller B (2015) Convergence of soil nitrogen isotopes across global climate gradients. Nature Scientific Reports 5: 8280.

Gamarra B and Kahmen A (2015) Concentrations and δ2H values of cuticular n-alkanes vary significantly among plant organs, species and habitats in grasses from an alpine and a temperate European grasslands. Oecologia 178: 981-998.

Hoch G (2015) Carbon reserves as indicators for carbon limitation in trees. Progress in Botany 76: 321-346.

Klein T, Hoch G (2015) Tree carbon allocation dynamics determined using a carbon mass balance approach. New Phytologist 205: 147-159.

Newberry SL, Kahmen A, Dennis P, Grant A (2015) n-Alkane biosynthetic hydrogen isotope fractionation is not constant throughout the growing season in the riparian tree Salix viminalis. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 165: 75-85.

Obojes N, Bahn M, Tasser E, Walde J, Inauen N, Hiltbrunner E, Saccone P, Lochet J, Clement JC, Lavorel S, Tappeiner U, Körner C (2015) Vegetation effects on the water balance of mountain grasslands depend on climatic conditions. Ecohydrology 8:552-569.

Palacio S, Lenz A, Wipf S, Hoch G, Rixen C (2015) Bud freezing resistance in alpine shrubs across snow depth gradients. Environmental and Experimental Botany. 118: 95-101.

Prechsl UE, Burri S, Gilgen AK, Kahmen A, Buchmann N (2015) No shift to deeper water uptake depth in response to summer drought of two lowland and sub-alpine C3 grasslands in Switzerland. Oecologia 177: 97-111.

Puri E, Hoch G, Körner C (2015) Defoliation reduces growth but not carbon reserves in Mediterranean Pinus pinaster trees. Trees - Structure and Function 29: 1187-1196.

Quentin AG,...Hoch G,...et al. (2015) Non-structural carbohydrates in woody plants compared among laboratories. Tree Physiology 35: 1146-1165.

Ramirez JA, Posada JM, Handa IT, Hoch G, Vohland M, Messier C, Reu B (2015) Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) predicts non-structural carbohydrate concentrations in different tissue types of a broad range of tree species. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 6:1018-1025.

Roden JS, Kahmen A, Buchmann N, Siegwolf RTW (2015) The enigma of effective path length for 18O enrichment in leaf water of conifers. Plant, Cell & Environment. 38: 2551-2565.

Sachse D, Dawson TE, Kahmen A (2015) Seasonal variation of leaf wax n-alkane production and δD values from the evergreen oak tree, Quercus agrifolia. Isotopes in Environmental and Health Studies 51: 124-142.

Sedlacek J, Wheeler JA, Cortés AJ, Bossdorf O, Hoch G, Lexer C, Wipf S, Karrenberg S, van Kleuen M, Rixen C (2015) The response of the alpine dwarf shrub Salix herbacea to altered snowmelt timing: lessons from a multi-site transplant experiment. PLoS ONE 10: e0122395.

Wheeler JA, Schnider F, Sedlacek J, Cortés AJ, Wipf S, Hoch G, Rixen C (2015) With a little help from my friends: community facilitation increases performance in the dwarf shrub Salix herbacea. Basic and Applied Ecology 16: 202-209.

 

2014

Crausbay S, Genderjahn S, Hotchkiss S, Sachse D, Kahmen A, Arndt SK (2014) Vegetation dynamics at the upper reaches of a tropical montane forest are driven by disturbance over the past 7300 years. Arctic, Antarctic and Alpine Research 46: 787-799. 

Hiltbrunner E, Aerts R, Bühlmann T, Huss-Danell K, Magnusson B, Myrold DD, Reed SC, Bjarni DS, Körner C (2014) Ecological consequences of the expansion of N2-fixing plants in cold biomes. Oecologia 176: 11-24. 

Prechsl UE, Gilgen AK, Kahmen A, Buchmann N (2014) Reliability and quality of water isotope data collected with a low budget rain collector. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry 28: 879-885. 

Tuthorn M, Zech M, Ruppenthal M, Oelmann Y, Kahmen A, del Valle HF, Wilcke W, Glaser B (2014) Oxygen isotope ratios (18O/16O) of hemicellulose-derived sugar biomarkers in plants, soils and sediments as paleoclimate proxy II: Insight from a climate transect study. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 126: 624-634. 

Vicca S, Bahn M, Estiarte M, van Loon EE, Vargas R, Alberti G, Ambus P, Arain MA, Beier C, Bentley LP, Borken W, Buchmann N, Collins SL, de Dato G, Dukes JS, Escolar C, Fay P, Guidolotti G, Hanson PJ, Kahmen A, Kröel-Dulay G, Ladreiter-Knauss T, Larsen KS, Lellei-Kovacs E, Lebrija-Trejos E, Maestre FT, Marhan S, Marshall M, Meir P, Miao Y, Muhr J, Niklaus PA, Ogaya R, Peñuelas J, Poll C, Rustad LE, Savage K, Schindlbacher A, Schmidt IK, Smith AR, Sotta ED, Suseela V, Tietema A, van Gestel N, van Straaten O, Wan S, Weber U, Janssens IA. (2014) Can current moisture responses predict soil CO2 efflux under altered precipitation regimes? A synthesis of manipulation experiments. Biogeosciences 11: 2991–3013. 

Cortés AJ, Waeber S, Lexer C, Sedlacek J, Wheeler JA, van Kleuen M, Bossdorf O, Hoch G, Rixen C, Wipf S, Karrenberg S (2014) Small-scale patterns in snowmelt timing affect genetic diversity and gene flow in the alpine dwarf shrub Salix herbacea. Heredity 113: 233-239. 

Klein T, Hoch G (2014) Tree carbon allocation dynamics determined using a carbon mass balance approach. New Phytologist 205: 147-159. 

Klein T, Hoch G, Yakir D, Körner C (2014) Drought stress, growth, and nonstructural carbohydrate dynamics of pine trees in a semi-arid forest. Tree Physiology 34: 981-992. 

Lenz A, Vitasse Y, Hoch G, Körner C (2014) Growth and carbon relations of temperate deciduous tree species at their upper elevation range limit. Journal of Ecology 102: 1537-1548. 

Rehm EM, Lenz A, Hoch G, Körner C (2014) Spring patterns of freezing resistance and photosynthesis of two leaf phenotypes of Hedera helix. Basic and Applied Ecology 15: 543-550. 

Vitasse Y, Lenz A, Hoch G, Körner C (2014) Earlier leaf-out rather than difference in freezing resistance puts juvenile trees at greater risk of damage than adult trees. Journal of Ecology 104: 981-988. 

Vitasse Y, Lenz A, Kollas C, Randin CF, Hoch G, Körner C (2014) Genetic vs. non-genetic responses of leaf morphology and growth to elevation in temperate tree species. Functional Ecology 28: 243-252. 

Palacio S, Hoch G, Anna Sala, Körner C, Millard P (2014) Does carbon storage limit tree growth? New Phytologist 201: 1096-1100.  

Wheeler JA, Hoch G, Cortés AJ, Sedlacek J, Wipf S, Rixen C (2014) Increased spring freezing vulnerability for alpine shrubs under early snowmelt. Oecologia 175: 219-229. 

Schenker G, Lenz A, Körner C, Hoch G (2014) Physiological minimum temperatures for root growth in seven common European broad-leaved tree species. Tree Physiology, 34: 302-313.

2013

Hoffmann B, Kahmen A, Cernusak LA, Arndt SK, Sachse D (2013) Abundance and distribution of leaf wax n-alkanes in leaves of Acacia and Eucalyptus trees along a strong humidity gradient in northern Australia. Organic Geochemistry 62: 62-67.

Cernusak LA and Kahmen A (2013) The multifaceted relationship between leaf water 18O enrichment and transpiration rate. Plant, Cell & Environment 36: 1239-1241.

Kahmen A, Schefuß E, Sachse D (2013) Leaf water deuterium enrichment shapes leaf wax n-alkane δD values of angiosperm plants I: Experimental evidence and mechanistic insight. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 111: 39-49.

  ➙ Classified as 'Highly Cited' in ISI Web of Science

Kahmen A, Hoffmann B, Schefuß E, Arndt SK, Cernusak LS, West JB, Sachse D (2013) Leaf water deuterium enrichment shapes leaf wax n-alkane δD values of angiosperm plants II: Observational evidence and global implications. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 111: 50-63.

  ➙ Classified as 'Highly Cited' in ISI Web of Science

2012

Garcin Y, Schwab-Lavrič VF, Gleixner G, Kahmen A, Todou G, Séné O, Onana J-M, Achoundong G, Sachse D (2012) Hydrogen isotope ratios of lacustrine sedimentary n-alkanes as proxies of tropical African hydrology: insights from a calibration transect across Cameroon. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 79: 106-126.

Sachse D, Chikaraishi Y, Dawson TE, Feakins SJ, Freeman KH, Magill C, McInerney FA, van der Meer  M, Pedentchouk N, Polissar P, Robins R, Schmidt HL, Sessions AL, White JWC, West JB, Kahmen A (2012) The hydrogen-isotopic composition of organic biomarkers from photosynthesizing organisms. Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences 40: 221-249.

  ➙ Classified as 'Highly Cited' in ISI Web of Science

2011

Kahmen A, Dawson TE, Vieth A, Sachse D (2011) Leaf wax n-alkane δD values are determined early in the ontogeny of deciduous Populus trichocarpa leaves. Plant, Cell & Environment 34: 1639-1651.

Kahmen A, Sachse D, Arndt SK, Farrington H, Vitousek PM, Dawson TE (2011) Cellulose δ18O is an index of leaf to air vapor pressure difference (VPD) in tropical plants. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) 108: 1981-1096.

2010

Sachse D, Gleixner G, Wilkes H, Kahmen A (2010) Leaf wax n-alkane δD values of a field-grown barley reflect leaf water δD values at the time of leaf formation. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 74: 6741-6750.

Stein C, Unsicker SB, Kahmen A, Wagner M, Audorff V, Auge H, Prati D, Weisser WW (2010) Impact of invertebrate herbivory in grasslands depends on plant diversity. Ecology 91: 1639-1650.

  ➙ Highlighted in the Editors Choice of Science (2010). Science, 329: 258.

Kahmen A, Livesley SJ, Arndt SK (2009) High potential but low actual glycine uptake of dominant plant species in three Australian land-use types with intermediate N availability. Plant and Soil 325: 109-121.

2009

Sachse D, Kahmen A, Gleixner G (2009) Significant seasonal variation in the hydrogen isotopic composition of leaf-wax lipids for two deciduous ecosystems (Fagus sylvatica and Acer pseudoplananus). Organic Geochemistry 40: 732-742.

Kahmen A, Simonin S, Tu KP, Goldsmith GR, Dawson TE (2009) The influence of species and growing conditions on the 18-O enrichment of leaf water and its impact on "effective path length". New Phytologist 184: 619-630.

Craine JM, Elmore AJ , Aidar MPM, Bustamante M, Dawson TE, Hobbie EA, Kahmen A, Mack MC, McLauchlan KK, Michelsen A, Nardoto GB, Pardo LH, Peñuelas J, Reich PB, Schuur EAG, Stock WD, Templer PH, Virginia RA, Welker JM, Wright IJ (2009) Global patterns of foliar nitrogen isotopes and their relationships with climate, mycorrhizal fungi, foliar nutrient concentrations, and nitrogen availability. New Phytologist 183: 980-992.

➙ Classified as 'Highly Cited' in ISI Web of Science

2008

Kahmen A, Wanek W, Buchmann N (2008) Foliar δ 15N values characterize soil N cycling and reflect nitrate or ammonium preference of plants along a temperate grassland gradient. Oecologia 156: 861-870.

Kahmen A, Simonin K, Tu KP, Merchant A, Callister A, Siegwolf R, Dawson TE, Arndt SK (2008) Effects of environmental parameters, leaf physiological properties and leaf water relations on leaf water d18O enrichment in different Eucalyptus species. Plant, Cell & Environment 31: 738-751.

Tylianakis JM, Rand TA, Kahmen A, Klein AM, Buchmann N, Perner J, Tscharntke T (2008) Resource heterogeneity moderates the biodiversity-function relationship in real world ecosystems. PLoS Biology 6(5): 947-956.

2007

Wagner M, Kahmen A, Schlumprecht H, Audorff V, Perner J, Buchmann N, Weisser W (2007) Prediction of herbage yield in grassland: How well do Ellenberg N-values perform in comparison with other approaches? Journal of Applied Vegetation Science 10: 15-24.

2006

Unsicker SB, Baer N, Kahmen A, Wagner M, Buchmann N, Weisser WW (2006) Invertebrate herbivory along a gradient of plant species diversity in extensively managed grasslands. Oecologia 150: 233-246.

Kahmen A, Renker C, Unsicker SB, Buchmann N (2006) Niche complementarity for nitrogen use - An explanation for the biodiversity and ecosystem functioning relationship in grasslands? Ecology 87: 1244-1255.

Börstler B, Renker C, Kahmen A, Buscot F (2006) Species composition of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in two mountain meadows with differing management types and levels of plant biodiversity. Biology and Fertility of Soils 42: 286-298.

2005

Unsicker SB, Renker C, Kahmen A, Spindler S, Buchmann N, Weisser W (2005) Testing the efficiency of three 15N-labeled nitrogen compounds for indirect labeling of grasshoppers via plants in the field. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 116: 219-226.

Perner J, Wytrykush C, Kahmen A, Buchmann N, Egerer I, Creutzburg S, Odat N, Audorff V, Weisser W (2005) Effects of plant diversity, plant productivity and habitat parameters on arthropod abundance in montane European grasslands. Ecography 28: 429-442.

Kahmen A, Perner J, Buchmann N (2005) Diversity dependent productivity in semi-natural grasslands following climate perturbations. Functional Ecology 19: 594-601.

➙ Highlighted in Nature News and Views by Moore, PD (2005). Nature 437: 959-960.

Kahmen A and Jules ES (2005) Assessing the recovery of a long lived herb following logging: Trillium ovatum across a 424-year chronosequence. Forest Ecology and Management 210: 107-116.

Kahmen A, Perner J, Audorff J, Weisser W, Buchmann N (2005) Effects of plant diversity, community composition and environmental parameters on productivity in semi-natural montane European grasslands. Oecologia 142: 606-615.

2004

Arndt SK, Kahmen A, Arampatsis C, Popp M, Adams M (2004) Nitrogen metabolism and importance of nitrogen fixation in perennial plants in a hyperarid desert with a constant groundwater table. Oecologia 141: 385-394.

Book Chapters

Kahmen A and Buchmann N (2007) Addressing the value of biodiversity for ecosystem functioning using stable isotopes. In: Dawson TE and Siegwolf R (Editors) Isotopes as indicators of ecological change. Elsevier Academic Press, San Diego, USA, pp. 347-359.

Tu KP, Bowen G, Hemming D, Kahmen A, Knohl A, Lai C-T, Werner C. (2007) Stable isotopes as indicators, tracers and recorders of ecological change: Synthesis and outlook. In: Dawson TE, Siegwolf R (Editors) Isotopes as indicators of ecological change. Elsevier Academic Press, San Diego, USA, pp. 399-405.

Kahmen A (2005) Biodiversity and functioning of selected terrestrial ecosystems: Grasslands. In: Bartlott W, Porembski S, Linsenmair KE (Editors) Biodiversity: Structure and Function. Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), Developed under the auspices of the UNESCO, Eolss Publishers, Oxford, UK, [http://www.eolss.net].

Kahmen A, Arampatsis C, Arndt SK (2004) Nutrient supply and nitrogen metabolism of perennial plant species in the Taklimakan desert. In: Runge M and Ximing Z (Editors) Ecophysiology and habitat requirements of perennial plant species in the Taklimakan desert. ISBN 3-8322-2582-X, Shaker Verlag, Aachen, pp. 135-146.

Buchmann N, Knohl A, Hahn V, Soe A, Kahmen A, Temperton V (2003) Stoffkreisläufe und Biodiversität in terrestrischen Ökosystemen. In: Jahrbuch 2003 der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft. ISBN 3-598-24930-6, K.G. Saur Verlag, München.